|Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation. It is divided into 2 types, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, a chronic and progressively developing condition of the joints and the spine, characterized by the progressive destruction of the articular cartilage and the creation of new bone (osteophytes). The main symptoms are pain, stiffness, stiffness, swelling and deformity of the joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, a chronic inflammatory condition of the connective tissue, of unknown etiology. Inflammation is not limited to the synovial membrane. It is possible to have extracurricular events as well. The disease usually comes on suddenly with joint pain, weight loss and morning stiffness. The joint damage is symmetrical.
The person suffering from arthritis can exercise and it is one of the means that can inhibit or slow down the progression of the condition. The aim is to relieve the patient of pain, prevent permanent damage, correct deformities as much as possible and support the patient psychologically.
Physiotherapy is done with active and mild passive exercises in order to fully mobilize the affected joints. It is important to maintain muscle strength through resistance exercises. Improving range of motion and strength needs to be achieved without irritating the affected joints. In the exercise programs there is a gradation according to the level of physical condition and the functional capacity of each person.
A beginner or with mobility problems due to age or illness can follow a program of exercises performed with body weight. Most exercises are performed in a seated position to strengthen large muscle groups and improve range of motion. The aim is for participants to stand for longer, walk longer distances and be able to get up from a chair.
The progression is the success of the goals and enabling the practitioner to move on to exercises of greater difficulty. In the next stage, exercises from a standing position for the legs are introduced and hand exercises are also included. Exercise balls can also be used to increase the resistance in some exercises. Emphasis is placed on strengthening the trunk, an element necessary for carrying out daily activities such as carrying objects, gardening, etc.
The advanced exercise program focuses on strength, function and stability and is aimed at active individuals who wish to improve their gait and balance. It includes exercises with weights in arms and legs, while there is a progressive increase in both quantity and intensity.
All programs need to have a frequency of at least 3 times a week. The exercise programs aimed at beginners and intermediates are wise to be performed with a duration of 30 minutes, while for the advanced it reaches 45 minutes.
The exercises used, and especially with the use of resistance, help reduce arthritis flare-ups. The reduction of pain in daily activities results in a better quality of life.
Armor against body damage. Prevention is important so incorporate physical activity into your life before it becomes necessary. However, think about the benefit of exercise even if it is the first time you will come into contact with it. Find something you like and get started!